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Can someone explain the relationship between Atman and Brahman in Advaita?

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vikasthakur
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In Advaita Vedanta, a school of Hindu philosophy, the relationship between Atman and Brahman is a fundamental concept that deals with the nature of reality and the individual's true self.

 
Posted : December 1, 2023 8:58 pm
vikasthakur
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  1. Atman: Atman refers to the individual self or soul. It represents the essence of an individual, the innermost core of one's being that transcends the physical body, mind, and ego. According to Advaita Vedanta, the Atman is eternal, unchanging, and identical in essence to Brahman.

  2. Brahman: Brahman is the ultimate, supreme, and absolute reality in Hindu philosophy. It is often described as the unchanging, infinite, formless, and all-encompassing cosmic consciousness or the ultimate reality underlying everything in the universe. Brahman is devoid of distinctions, beyond attributes, and transcends the limitations of time, space, and causation.

The relationship between Atman and Brahman in Advaita Vedanta is based on the principle of non-duality (Advaita), which asserts that there is ultimately no fundamental difference or separation between the individual self (Atman) and the universal consciousness (Brahman). According to this philosophy:

  • Atman is considered identical in essence to Brahman. The individual self (Atman) is not separate from the ultimate reality (Brahman), but rather an expression or manifestation of it.
  • The limitations and differences perceived in the world, including the diversity of individuals, are considered apparent and not ultimately real. The ultimate truth is the unity of Atman and Brahman.
  • The goal of spiritual practice in Advaita Vedanta is to realize this non-dual truth by transcending the illusion of separateness and recognizing the inherent oneness of the individual self (Atman) with the universal consciousness (Brahman).

To summarize, in Advaita Vedanta, Atman and Brahman are understood as essentially one and the same, with the individual self (Atman) being the manifestation or reflection of the ultimate reality (Brahman). Realizing this non-dual truth is the key to liberation (moksha) and spiritual fulfillment according to this philosophical tradition.

 
Posted : December 1, 2023 8:58 pm

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