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How does Advaita Vedanta reconcile the multiplicity and diversity of the world with the concept of Brahman as the ultimate reality?

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vikasthakur
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Advaita Vedanta, a philosophical system within Hinduism, posits that Brahman is the ultimate reality and the essence of everything in the universe. It teaches that the apparent multiplicity and diversity in the world are illusory or maya, stemming from ignorance (avidya). However, Advaita Vedanta doesn't deny the existence of the empirical world; instead, it offers a perspective that reconciles this apparent diversity with the concept of Brahman:

 
Posted : December 13, 2023 8:52 pm
vikasthakur
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  1. Maya: According to Advaita Vedanta, the world we perceive is a result of maya, which is an illusory aspect of reality. This illusion creates the appearance of diversity, where in reality, there is only the singular, unchanging Brahman. Just like a rope might be mistaken for a snake in dim light, the world is perceived differently due to ignorance.

  2. Two levels of truth (Paramarthika and Vyavaharika): Advaita Vedanta introduces the idea of two levels of truth. The Paramarthika level represents the absolute reality of Brahman, which is unchanging and eternal. The Vyavaharika level is the empirical or transactional reality we experience in everyday life, characterized by multiplicity and diversity. While the empirical world is valid in its own context, it is ultimately an illusion in comparison to the absolute reality of Brahman.

  3. Unity in diversity: Advaita Vedanta teaches that despite the apparent diversity and multiplicity in the world, everything ultimately originates from and exists within Brahman. It perceives the various forms and manifestations as temporary and ultimately unreal in comparison to the underlying unity of Brahman.

  4. Analogy of the dream: Just as a dream seems vivid and real when experienced, the waking world appears real to us. But upon waking, the dream is recognized as insubstantial. Similarly, Advaita Vedanta suggests that the perceived diversity in the waking world is an illusion, much like a dream, and the ultimate reality is Brahman alone.

To reconcile the multiplicity and diversity of the world with the concept of Brahman as the ultimate reality, Advaita Vedanta emphasizes transcending the illusion of the phenomenal world through spiritual realization (self-realization or Atman realization), which involves understanding the unity of the self (Atman) with Brahman.

In essence, while the world appears diverse and multiplicitous, Advaita Vedanta asserts that this diversity is only apparent and that the ultimate truth is the non-dual, unchanging reality of Brahman, which underlies and pervades all existence.

 
Posted : December 13, 2023 8:53 pm

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