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What are the key principles or teachings of Advaita philosophy regarding Brahman?

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Advaita Vedanta, a school of Indian philosophy, primarily emphasizes the concept of Advaita, meaning "non-duality." Its teachings revolve around the nature of ultimate reality (Brahman) and the relationship between Brahman, the individual self (Atman), and the world. Here are the key principles or teachings of Advaita philosophy regarding Brahman:

Posted : November 24, 2023 4:47 pm
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  1. Brahman as Ultimate Reality: Advaita holds that Brahman is the ultimate, unchanging, and absolute reality of the universe. It is formless, infinite, and beyond attributes or distinctions.

  2. Non-Dual Nature of Brahman: Advaita asserts the non-dual nature of Brahman, meaning that there is no fundamental distinction or separation between Brahman and the individual self (Atman). Ultimately, Atman and Brahman are considered one and the same.

  3. Unity of Existence: This philosophy teaches that the perceived diversity and multiplicity in the world are illusory (maya). Despite the appearance of multiplicity, Advaita posits that everything is an expression of the same underlying reality—Brahman.

  4. Neti Neti (Not this, Not this): Advaita uses the concept of "Neti Neti" as a method to understand Brahman. It involves negating all attributes and qualities that are not absolute or enduring, thereby guiding seekers to recognize Brahman as that which cannot be described or limited by words or concepts.

  5. Self-Realization and Liberation (Moksha): The ultimate aim of Advaita Vedanta is self-realization or understanding the true nature of the self (Atman) as identical to Brahman. This realization leads to liberation (moksha) from the cycle of birth and death (samsara).

  6. Importance of Knowledge (Jnana): Advaita places a strong emphasis on spiritual knowledge or Jnana as the means to realize the unity of Atman and Brahman. This knowledge is gained through introspection, study of scriptures (such as Upanishads), contemplation, and guidance from a qualified teacher (Guru).

  7. Illusion of Individuality: Advaita teaches that the individual self (Atman) is often mistaken to be limited, separate, and distinct from Brahman due to ignorance (avidya). This false sense of individuality and separateness leads to suffering and bondage.

  8. Practice of Self-Inquiry: Advaita encourages seekers to engage in self-inquiry (Atma-vichara) to inquire deeply into the nature of the self and question the validity of one's perceived identity, leading to the realization of the non-dual nature of reality.

These principles form the core teachings of Advaita Vedanta concerning Brahman and serve as a guiding framework for seekers aiming to understand the ultimate reality and attain liberation.

Posted : November 24, 2023 4:48 pm

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